The death of Antonio in 1731 marked the end of the male line of the Farnese family, and Elisabeth, wife of Philip V, king of Spain, succeeded in having the Duchy of Parma and Piacenza assigned to her sons, don Carlo and don Filippo Bourbon. It is to this period of the Bourbon domination of Parma (1732-1802) and the fervid cultural climate characterized by the presence of French artists and workers that this room is dedicated. Thanks to the extraordinary political skill of Minister Guillaume Du Tillot and the marriage between Philip of Bourbon and Luisa Elisabetta, daughter of Louis XV, works of art, furniture, ideas came copiously from France, so that, on the one hand, it was possible to repair the ignominious damage to the Duke's residence perpetrated by don Carlo, and on the other to welcome, in this small state, the new stimuli of French culture, in view of its urban and artistic reorganization.
Alongside the portraits of Luisa Elisabetta and her husband, are those of don Ferdinand who, succeeding his father in 1765, married Maria Amalia d'Asburgo in 1769, capricious and turbulent daughter of the empress Maria Teresa.
Various French artists are represented in the room. Laurent Guiard, court sculptor, by a sanguine and three terracottas with subjects of classical and biblical origin. Alongside works by L. E. Vigée Le Brun, J. B. Greuze, Ph. B. Delarue and other authors who perfectly express the taste of French painting in the 18th century, there are two small pictures "The red parrot " and "The Maltese lapdog" that are reminiscent of the manner of J. H. Fragonard. At the center of the room we can admire a grand piano that belonged to Maria Luigia and was saved from the wreckage of Palazzo Ducale di Parma. It was made in Vienna in about 1825 by Johann Schanz according to the canons of the imperial style, and takes us back to that climate of almost middle-class intimacy in which Maria Luigia, Neipperg and a few friends used to spend the evenings enjoying a bit of music. On the bookstand is the score of "The Lombards at the First Crusade "(1843), an opera dedicated to the Duchess by one Giuseppe Verdi who, in the opinion of Maria Luigia in a letter written in 1845 to her daughter Albertina, was "quite talented, indeed, but lacking in training ". A small showcase contains notebooks, ball programs, jewel cases and a handsome writing set belonging to Maria Luigia.

 

 


G. Baldrighi
Portrait of Duke Filippo di Borbone
Anonymous in the manner of J.H. Fragonard
Red Parrot
Piano belonging to Maria Luigia

 

 


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